One way to read the data from a list or a library is to iterate through it using the items collection of the list or library. But this is not the most efficient way to do it, specially if only few items are needed from this list.
Enter CAML Queries.
The following is the example query
<where> <eq> <fieldref name="Title"> <value type="Text">title</value> </fieldref> </eq> </where>
One thing to note in the CAML Query is that there is
And here is the code:
SPList mylist = web.Lists["MyList"]; SPQuery spQuery = new SPQuery(); spQuery.Query = "" //CAML Query String SPListItemCollection queryitems = mylist.GetItems(spQuery);
That is it, as simple as that.
There as a great tool to build CAML Queries at http://www.u2u.info/SharePoint/U2U%20Community%20Tools/Forms/AllItems.aspx called U2U Caml Query Builder. It is worth checking this tool out.